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The Project of Interest NextData


A national system for the retrieval, storage, access and diffusion of environmental and climate data from mountain and marine areas. 



Mountains are sentinels of climate and environmental change and many marine regions provide information on past climate variations. The Project of Interest NextData will favour the implementation of measurement networks in remote mountain and marine areas, mainly in Italy, and will develop efficient web portals to access meteoclimatic and atmospheric composition data, past climate information from ice and sediment cores, biodiversity and ecosystem data, measurements of the hydrological cycle, marine reanalyses and climate projections at global and regional scale. New data on the present and past climatic variability and future climate projections in the Alps, the Apennines, the Mediterranean region and other areas of interest will be obtained and made available. The pilot studies conducted during the project will allow for obtaining new estimates on the availability of water resources and on the effects of atmospheric aerosols on high-altitude environments, as well as new assessments of the impact of climate change on ecosystems, health and societies in mountain regions. The system of archives and the scientific results produced by the NextData project will provide a unique data base for research, for environmental management and for the estimate of climate change impacts, allowing for the development of knowledge-based environmental and climate adaptation policies. The NextData Project has defined three Grand Challenges: (1) monitoring of climatic and environmental conditions and their ongoing changes in Italian mountains and construction of a system of archives and portals for data distribution; (2) reconstruction of climate and its variability in Italy in the last two Millennia, with special focus on the last 100 years; and (3) development of an ensemble of high-resolution climate projections for the Italian mountain regions for the next few decades. 

Movies on the distribution and abundance of pollen in Italy during the Holocene

Stochastic downscaling tool for precipitation

A web-based stochastic downscaling tool for precipitation is available.

Photo exhibition on Italian mountain ecosystems

The Project of Interest NextData, in collaboration with the Department of Earth System Sciences and Environmental Technologies of the National Research Council of Italy, the Gran Paradiso National Park (PNGP), the Association of Italian Nature Photographers (AFNI), the Italian Society for Photographic Hunting (SICF) and the Association IBEX-NaturePhoto, is willing to organise a large photo exhibition on Italian mountain ecosystems. Goal of the exhibit is to show the beauty, richness and complexity of these mountain ecosystems and of the organisms which constitute them, combining scientific approaches and aesthetic value. All nature photographers interested in documenting and illustrating Italian mountain ecosystems are invited to contribute with their images. Further details are given in the attached document (in Italian).

High mountain ecosystems


Mountain regions host rare and important ecosystems, rich in endemic and endangered species and characterized by specific adaptations to the extreme conditions of high-altitude environments. Mountain ecosystems, however, are threated by direct anthropic pressures, such as pollution, and indirect effects, such as the impact of global warming. This short documentary movie by Marco Andreini and Paolo Fioratti describes some of the fascinating aspects of high mountain ecosystems, focusing on the specific adaptations to the high altitudes and stressing the need for a deeper understanding of the functioning of mountain ecosystems and of their response to global change.